北航“卓越百人”副教授，博士，硕士生导师，任职于北京航空航天大学电子信息工程学院。先后于2013年、2017年获得北京邮电大学电信工程专业工学学士学位、英国伦敦大学玛丽女王学院（Queen Mary University of London）电子工程专业博士学位。2017年至2018年于英国伦敦大学国王学院（King’s College London）担任博士后研究员，后任职于英国亚马逊公司(Amazon-London Office）担任算法工程师。在IEEE Wireless Communications, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications等通信领域权威期刊和会议发表论文十余篇，Google Scholar引用量500余次。目前的研究重点包括航空宽带通信、空天地一体化通信、多天线通信技术、多址技术、以及基于机器学习的新一代无线通信技术。
To provide seamless coverage during all flight phases, aeronautical communications systems (ACS) have to integrate space-based, air-based, as well as ground-based platforms to formulate aviation-oriented space-air-ground integrated networks (SAGINs). In continental areas, L-band aeronautical broadband communications (ABC) are gaining popularity for supporting air traffic management (ATM) modernization. However, L-band ABC faces the challenges of spectrum congestion and severe interference due to the legacy systems. To circumvent these, we propose a novel multiple-antenna aided L-band ABC paradigm to tackle the key issues of reliable and high-rate air-to-ground (A2G) transmissions. Specifically, we first introduce the development roadmap of the ABC. Furthermore, we discuss the peculiarities of the L-band ABC propagation environment and the distinctive challenges of the associated multiple-antenna techniques. To overcome these challenges, we propose an advanced multiple-antenna assisted L-band ABC paradigm from the perspective of channel estimation, reliable transmission, and multiple access. Finally, we shed light on the compelling research directions of the aviation component of SAGINs.
A reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) aided air-to-ground uplink non-orthogonal transmission framework is investigated for next generation multiple access. Occupying the same spectrum resource, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) users and ground users (GUs) are connected to terrestrial cellular networks via the uplink non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) protocol. As the flight safety is important for employing UAVs in civil airspace, the collision avoidance mechanism has to be considered during the flight. Therefore, a joint optimization problem of the UAV trajectory design, RIS configuration, and uploading power control is formulated for maximizing the network sum rate, while ensuring the UAV’s fight safety and satisfying the minimum data rate requirements of both the UAV and GU. The resultant problem is a sequential decision making one across multiple coherent time slots. Besides, the unknown locations of obstacles bring uncertainties into the decision making process. To tackle this challenging problem, a sample-efficient deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithm is proposed to optimize the UAV trajectory, RIS configuration, and power control simultaneously. Moreover, considering the ambiguous uncertainties in the environment, a distributionally robust DRL algorithm is further proposed to provide the worst-case performance guarantee. Numerical results demonstrate that the two proposed DRL algorithms outperform the conventional ones in terms of learning efficiency and robustness. It is also shown that the network sum rate is significantly improved by the proposed RIS-NOMA scheme compared to the conventional RIS-orthogonal multiple access (OMA) scheme and the case where no RIS is deployed.
A novel air-to-ground communication paradigm is conceived, where an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-mounted base station (BS) equipped with multiple antennas sends information to multiple ground users (GUs) with the aid of a simultaneously transmitting and reflecting reconfigurable intelligent surface (STAR-RIS). In contrast to the conventional RIS whose main function is to reflect incident signals, the STAR-RIS is capable of both transmitting and reflecting the impinging signals from either side of the surface, thereby leading to full-space 360 degree coverage. However, the transmissive and reflective capabilities of the STAR-RIS require more complex transmission/reflection coefficient design. Therefore, in this work, a sum-rate maximization problem is formulated for the joint optimization of the UAV’s trajectory, the active beamforming at the UAV, and the passive transmission/reflection beamforming at the STAR-RIS. This cutting-edge optimization problem is also subject to the UAV’s flight safety, to the maximum flight duration constraint, as well as to the GUs’ minimum data rate requirements. Given the unknown locations of obstacles prior to the UAV’s flight, we provide an online decision making framework employing reinforcement learning (RL) to simultaneously adjust both the UAV’s trajectory as well as the active and passive beamformer. To enhance the system’s robustness against the associated uncertainties caused by limited sampling of the environment, a novel “distributionally-robust” RL (DRRL) algorithm is proposed for offering an adequate worst-case performance guarantee. Our numerical results unveil that: 1) the STAR-RIS assisted UAV communications benefit from significant sum-rate gain over the conventional reflecting-only RIS; and 2) the proposed DRRL algorithm achieves both more stable and more robust performance than the state-of-the-art RL algorithms.
 Jingjing Zhao, Yanbo Zhu, Kaiquan Cai, Zhen Gao, Zhu Han and Lajos Hanzo, "Multiple-Antenna Aided Aeronautical Communications in Air-Ground Integrated Networks: Channel Estimation, Reliable Transmission, and Multiple Access," in IEEE Wireless Communications, Early Access, doi: 10.1109/MWC.014.2200414.
 Jingjing Zhao, Yanbo Zhu, Xidong Mu, Kaiquan Cai, Yuanwei Liu and Lajos Hanzo, "Simultaneously Transmitting and Reflecting Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface (STAR-RIS) Assisted UAV Communications," in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 40, no. 10, pp. 3041-3056, Oct. 2022, doi: 10.1109/JSAC.2022.3196102.
 Jingjing Zhao, Lanchenhui Yu, Kaiquan Cai, Yanbo Zhu and Zhu Han, "RIS-Aided Ground-Aerial NOMA Communications: A Distributionally Robust DRL Approach," in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 1287-1301, April 2022, doi: 10.1109/JSAC.2022.3143230.
[4 ]Jingjing Zhao, Yuanwei Liu, Kok Keong Chai, Arumugam Nallanathan, Yue Chen and Zhu Han, "Spectrum Allocation and Power Control for Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access in HetNets," in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 5825-5837, Sept. 2017, doi: 10.1109/TWC.2017.2716921.
 Jingjing Zhao, Yuanwei Liu, Kok Keong Chai, Yue Chen and Maged Elkashlan, "Joint Subchannel and Power Allocation for NOMA Enhanced D2D Communications," in IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 65, no. 11, pp. 5081-5094, Nov. 2017, doi: 10.1109/TCOMM.2017.2741941.
Reviewer for IEEE JSAC/TWC/TCOM/CL/WCL